event Calendar

DENMARK

    • August 21, 2020
    • (CDT)
    • Rungsted Golf Club - Copenhagen, Denmark

    IFS DINNER AND GOLF EVENT

    Dear Members and Friends of The American Club,

    We would like to remind you about the Annual IFS Dinner and Golf Event at Rungsted Golf Club which - due to the Corona Virus epidemic - has been postponed to Friday August 21st  , see the attached invitation.

    Activities at Rungsted Golf Club are back to normal, however, with the recommended precautions taken (there has not been a single case of Corona Virus infection among the over 1000 members since the opening of the Club in June).

    Due to new greenkeeper management, the course is in excellent shape this year and by experts rated as one of the best in Denmark at present, and there is now a long waiting list of golfers wanting to become a member.

    Normal green fees are now DKK 500 when you play with a member and DKK 950 when you play without a member. But thanks to our Sponsor  IFS - International Flight Support by ACC’s Board Member Ilya Katsnelson we are able to offer a very attractive event.

    Maximum amount of participants in the dinner is 60, so we recommend to register as soon as you can. First come- first served will be applied.

    Deadline to sign up is Friday August 14th.

    Best Regards and see you soon,

    Jørgen Kemp
    Vice President

    PS: the next ACC event is the popular Garden Party at Søro on September 17th. Invitation will be forthcoming shortly.


    Welcome to the American Club in Copenhagen!

    The American Club in Copenhagen is one of the oldest American friendship clubs in the world, and has been fostering trans-Atlantic friendships and relations for more than 75 years.

    The American Club in Copenhagen cultivates business, professional, social and cultural relationships among Americans, Danes and other members of the international community in Denmark.

    The Club enjoys a current membership of around 400, representing a wide range of businesses, all with a common interest in the United States. The Club supports charitable activities as well as academic scholarships. The official language of the Club is English.

    For further information please check the rest of our website. Should you have any further questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us.

    We would be very pleased to welcome you as a member in The American Club in Copenhagen!

    Website

    The American Club
    Strandvejen 203 - 2900 Hellerup

    Phone: 3961 7375
    Email - info@americanclub.dk
    • August 30, 2020
    • (CDT)
    • August 30, 2024
    • (CDT)
    • 5 sessions

    A ROYAL BIRTHDAY -
    HM QUEEN ANNE-MARIE (GREECE)

    Anne-Marie Dagmar Ingrid, Her Majesty Queen, was born on 30 August 1946 at Amalienborg Palace as the daughter of King Frederik IX (d.1972) and Queen Ingrid, born Princess of Sweden (d. 2000).  Her childhood was spent in three family homes - Amalienborg Palace, Graasten Palace and Fredensborg Castle.

    Princess Anne-Marie attended Zahle's School in Denmark between 1952-1963. Modern history was one of her favourite subjects.

    In 1961, she spent a year at an English boarding school in Switzerland - the Chatelard School for Girls. In 1963, to improve her French, Queen Anne-Marie attended a Swiss finishing school, 'Le Mesnil', until the Spring of 1964. She also speaks Greek, English and of course Danish.

    Queen Anne-Marie first met King Constantine of Greece as a young girl in 1959, when he visited Copenhagen on a journey to Sweden and Norway, as Crown Prince, with his parents, King Paul I and Queen Frederica.

    She met him again in Denmark in 1961. He had declared to his parents that he intended to marry her.

    On 14 May, 1962, Crown Prince Constantine's elder sister, Princess Sophia, married the Spanish Prince Juan Carlos in a double ceremony in Athens at the Roman Catholic Cathedral and the Orthodox Cathedral.

    More than 100 royal guests came to Athens, and Princess Anne-Marie was a bridesmaid. Queen Frederica of Greece recorded that, at the reception, her son Crown Prince Constantine 'would dance only with Anne-Marie'.

    In 1963, centenary celebrations of the Greek Royal Family began with a State Visit from Princess Anne-Marie's parents, King Frederick and Queen Ingrid of Denmark.

    In March 1964, King Paul I died after a short illness, and Constantine succeeded him to the Greek throne.

    King Constantine came to the throne with much goodwill, which was expressed in abundance when, on 18 September 1964 (six months after his accession) he married his beautiful Danish Princess in what was described at the time, as 'the most radiant of Athenian royal weddings'. Even an old republican, the 76 year old Prime Minister, George Papandreou, was seen to be enjoying himself thoroughly with the bride and bridegroom.

    Just before the wedding, a crisis in Cyprus brought Greece to the brink of war with Turkey and serious political problems developed in Greece.

    These overshadowed the celebrations of the birth of Queen Anne-Marie's first child, Princess Alexia, on 10 July 1965. She was the first member of the Royal Family to be born at 'Mon Repos' in Corfu since 1921, when Prince Philip of Greece, now Duke of Edinburgh. 'Mon Repos' is an old Georgian house which, in the 18th. Century, was the summer residence of the English Governor of Corfu.

    In September, 1965, King Constantine, with Queen Anne-Marie, hosted the first Congress of Space Scientists in Athens, taking a first step encouraging American and Soviet astronauts to co-operate rather than view each other with suspicion.

    Queen Anne-Marie devoted much of her time as Queen of Greece to 'Her Majesty's Fund'. This was a charitable foundation started by her mother-in-law, Queen Frederica. It helped people in rural areas of Greece and supported crafts such as embroidery and weaving. She also worked closely with the Red Cross, and various charities.

    On 21 April, 1967, political problems in Athens intensified with the Colonel's coup. A month later, Queen Anne-Marie gave birth to Crown Prince Pavlos at the family's country estate, Tatoi.

    In December, after his attempt to restore democracy failed, King Constantine and his family left Greece from Kavalla for Rome. With the King, the Queen and the two children were King Constantine's mother, Queen Frederica and his younger sister Princess Irene. They landed at a military airport in Italy because they were running out of fuel.

    Queen Anne-Marie and her family stayed first at the Greek Embassy in Rome for 2 months and then took a house at Olgiata on the outskirts of the city.

    Later in 1968, they moved to 13, Via di Porta Latina - where they lived until 1973. On 1 October 1969, Queen Anne-Marie gave birth to Prince Nikolaos in the Villa Claudia Clinic near her home in Rome.

    In 1974, Queen Anne-Marie moved with King Constantine to England, after a brief stay with her mother in Denmark. King Constantine had been officially deposed by the military Government on 1 June 1973 and a Republic declared by colonel Papadopoulos.

    The family's first home was in Chobham in Surrey. Then they moved to a house in Hampstead in North London, where they have lived ever since. Queen Anne-Marie calls it her 'Home away from home'.

    Queen Anne-Marie's family grew larger with the birth of Princess Theodora at St. Mary's Hospital, Paddington, in London on 9 June 1983, and Prince Philippos on 26 April 1986.

    Queen Anne-Marie helped to start this remarkable bilingual educational initiative in 1980. She is now Honorary Chairman of the school, and devotes a lot of her time to it.

    Her first visit to Greece since she left with her family in 1967, was for a few hours, for the funeral of King Constantine's mother, Queen Frederica, in 1981.

    Queen Frederica died suddenly in Madrid. Her wish had been to be buried beside her husband, King Paul, at the family estate at Tatoi. The family was given permission to attend - but could not spend a night in their country. They landed at a little airfield near Tatoi, and were welcomed by large crowds. It was, for Queen Anne-Marie and her family, a moving and sad occasion.

    She visited Greece again with King Constantine and her family on a private visit by sea in 1993. They went, 'Not knowing what to expect. Wherever we went, people came out to greet us. It was extraordinary and very moving'. It was the first visit for her younger children.

    Since 2003, -when the court case regarding the Royal Family's property formally ended-, Queen Anne-Marie and all other family members frequently visit Greece. She is currently searching for a home, 'So that all the children and grandchildren can come and stay'.

    The family speaks Greek at home and her three older children all speak Greek fluently. The two younger ones, Princess Theodora and Prince Philippos are learning very quickly.

    The family maintains close links with all the royal families of Europe - and particularly with the British, Spanish and Danish Royal Families.

    Queen Anne-Marie's father, King Frederik IX of Denmark was an accomplished musician and she has inherited his love of classical music - Beethoven, Bach, Tchaikowsky, Wagner. She is fascinated by historical biographies.

    She has been, above all, the greatest support to her husband over many years of change. They have been happily married for 48 years.

    More information:

    Greek Royal Family

    Royal House Website

    Royal House Facebook

    • September 05, 2020
    • (CDT)
    • Langelinie Pavillonen - Copenhagen, Denmark

    100 YEAR JUBILEE GALA DINNER

    Langelinie Pavillonen has been booked for the event.

    Welcome to the American Club in Copenhagen!

    The American Club in Copenhagen is one of the oldest American friendship clubs in the world, and has been fostering trans-Atlantic friendships and relations for more than 75 years.

    The American Club in Copenhagen cultivates business, professional, social and cultural relationships among Americans, Danes and other members of the international community in Denmark.

    The Club enjoys a current membership of around 400, representing a wide range of businesses, all with a common interest in the United States. The Club supports charitable activities as well as academic scholarships. The official language of the Club is English.

    For further information please check the rest of our website. Should you have any further questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us.

    We would be very pleased to welcome you as a member in The American Club in Copenhagen!

    Website

    The American Club
    Strandvejen 203 - 2900 Hellerup
    Phone: 3961 7375
    Email - info@americanclub.dk

    • September 20, 2020
    • 11:00 AM (CDT)
    • Online - Zoom Meeting

    REBILD NATIONAL PARK SOCIETY - ANNUAL MEMBERSHIP MEETING

    Online meeting of Rebild Membership - Denmark and U.S.A.


    Rebild Website

    Rebild Facebook

    • September 30, 2020
    • (CDT)
    • Aarhus University - Aarhus, Denmark

    FRANS ØRSTED ANDERSEN - LECTURE: CHRISTIAN MADSEN

    ”Come and hear about one of the many Danes, who emigrated to ”God’s own country” in the 19th century. In the period btw 1850 and 1920 more than 50 million Europeans emigrated to the US to improve their lot and get away from poverty, unemployment and war. Among these were 300.000 Danes - and one of those was Chris Madsen. He was born in Denmark 1851 and emigrated 1875. He had a very interesting and a long, dramatic life. He spent 15 years as an Indian fighter in the US Fifth Cavalry (1876-1892) - and got as much promotion as possible for a NCO. He was at center stage in the battle of Slim Buttes 9th September 1876 and played a key role in the succesful Milk River expedition 1879, where the Ute uprising was countered. When finally leaving the army in 1892 it was because he had got a job as Deputy US Marshal in Oklahoma, where he became a leading character in the fight against criminal gangs like the Daltons and the Doolins. He married and had two children in Oklahoma. Later, he also joined Roosevelt’s Rough Riders and participated in the war with Spain 1898. He kept being curious, learned and got new experiences all through his long life. In stead of retiring, in 1915 he went into the new movie business and together with former colleagues he set up a film company, that produced a famous Western, “The Passing of the Oklahoma Outlaws”. Besides, he loved writing all his life - articles, letters, poems and two autobiographies. Like the fictious characters, “Forrest Gump” and “Little Big Man”, he had a special talent for meeting and becoming friends with famous people and be at center stage at major events, both in Denmark and the US. In the US, e.g. he became frinds with Buffalo Bill Cody and several Indian Chiefs. He went fishing and hunting with President Arthur and helped Teddy Roosevelt. But he also encountered many problems, crisis and tragedies in his long life - 1851-1944. Nevertheless, he always managed to get back on tracks and was active until he died in 1944. All through his life he benefitted from paying attention at school back home in the old country, where he also had received good education at an agricultural folk high school.”

    Aarhus University Site

    • October 04, 2020
    • (CDT)
    • Online - Zoom Meeting

    REBILD NATIONAL PARK SOCIETY - FALL LEADERSHIP MEETING

    Online meeting of Rebild Leadership - Denmark and U.S.A.


    Rebild Website

    Rebild Facebook

    • October 15, 2020
    • (CDT)

    A ROYAL BIRTHDAY - HRH PRINCE CHRISTIAN

    Christian Valdemar Henri John, Prince of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, was born on 15 October 2005 at Rigshospitalet (Copenhagen University Hospital). Prince Christian is the son of TRH the Crown Prince and the Crown Princess.  Photo: Franne Voigt - 2018

    Prince of Denmark
    HRH Prince Christian is included in the order of succession to the Throne after HRH the Crown Prince.  
    Photographer: Per Morten Abrahamsen - 2020

    Christened
    HRH Prince Christian was christened in Christiansborg Palace Chapel on 21 January 2006.

    More Information:

    Royal House Website

    • April 16, 2021
    • (CDT)
    • April 16, 2022
    • (CDT)
    • 2 sessions

    A ROYAL BIRTHDAY
    HM QUEEN MARGRETHE II

    Margrethe Alexandrine Þorhildur Ingrid, Her Majesty The Queen, became Queen of Denmark in 1972. Margrethe II was born on 16 April 1940 at Amalienborg Palace as the daughter of King Frederik IX (d. 1972) and Queen Ingrid, born Princess of Sweden (d. 2000)


    Foto: Rigmor Mydtskov, Husets Mydtskov - 1990

    The Queen’s motto is "God’s help, the love of The People, Denmark’s strength".

    The Royal Family comprises Her Majesty The Queen’s relatives, including HRH Princess Benedikte and Her Majesty Queen Anne-Marie.
    Christening and confirmation:  HM The Queen was christened on 14 May 1940 in Holmens Kirke (the Naval Church) and confirmed on 1 April 1955 at Fredensborg Palace.
    The Act of Succession:  The Act of Succession of 27 March 1953 gave women the right of succession to the Danish throne but only secondarily. On the occasion of her accession to the throne on 14 January 1972, HM Queen Margrethe II became the first Danish Sovereign under the new Act of Succession.  In 2009, The Act of Succession was amended so that the eldest child (regardless of gender) succeeds to the throne.
    A seat on the State Council:  On 16 April 1958, the Heir Apparent, Princess Margrethe, was given a seat on the State Council, and she subsequently chaired the meetings of the State Council in the absence of King Frederik IX.
    Wedding:  On 10 June 1967, the Heir Apparent married Henri Marie Jean André, Count of Laborde de Monpezat, who in connection with the marriage became Prince Henrik of Denmark. The wedding ceremony took place in Holmens Kirke, and the wedding festivities were held at Fredensborg Palace. Prince Henrik passed away on 13 February 2018.
    Children:  HRH Crown Prince Frederik André Henrik Christian, born 26 May 1968, and HRH Prince Joachim Holger Waldemar Christian, born 7 June 1969.

    2020 Birthday Address to the Public:
    English Translation
    April 16, 2020

    More Information:

    Royal House Website

    • April 29, 2021
    • (CDT)
    • April 29, 2022
    • (CDT)
    • 2 sessions

    A ROYAL BIRTHDAY -
    HRH PRINCESS
    BENEDIKTE

    Benedikte Astrid Ingeborg Ingrid, Princess of Denmark, was born on 29 April 1944 at Amalienborg Palace as the daughter of King Frederik IX (d. 1972) and Queen Ingrid, born Princess of Sweden (d. 2000)


    Wedding - On 3 February 1968, Princess Benedikte married His Highness Prince Richard zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (d. 2017) in the Chapel of Fredensborg Palace. The Prince was born on 29 October 1934 as the son of Prince Gustav Albrecht zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (1907-1944), and Margareta Fouché, Princess Margareta zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg.

    Patronages and honorary memberships - Princess Benedikte is patron of a great many national organizations, institutions, and foundations and is an honorary member of various associations and societies. 

    More information:

    Royal House Website

    Royal House Facebook

    • May 04, 2021
    • (CDT)
    • May 04, 2024
    • (CDT)
    • 4 sessions

    LIGHT A CANDLE IN YOUR WINDOW FOR DENMARK LIBERATION DAY

    4 May 1945 was the day when the Danes got the message on the radio about the liberation of Denmark from Germany during Second World War, after the German occupation since 9 April 1940. This meant that the Danes no longer had to use heavy black curtains to keep the light from getting out of their houses. People flocked into the streets, waving the Danish flag “Dannebro” and burned their black curtains. Many lighted candles on their windows.

    Therefore, if you see candles on the windows in the evening of 4 May, it is because Danes celebrate and commemorate this day.
    The message about the Danish liberation went out on 4 May, but the official liberation day is 5 May. It is celebrated with flags in flagpoles and on top of the busses.

    May 5

    • May 05, 2021
    • (CDT)
    • May 05, 2024
    • (CDT)
    • 4 sessions
    • Denmark


    LIBERATION DAY

    On May 5, Denmark celebrates
     Liberation Day. It is the anniversary of the end of the occupation of Denmark by Nazi Germany. Liberation Day is not a public holiday, but special events are held on the occasion.

    Denmark was occupied by Nazi Germany on April 9, 1940. The country capitulated withing six hours. As Denmark did not put up much resistance, its occupation was unusually lenient. For example, most institutions functioned relatively normally until 1943. Both the king and government remained in the country.

    However, German authorities eventually did dissolve the government after the August 1943 crisis. Mass arrests began. By the end of the war, Danish resistance movement developed. When German authorities ordered to arrest and deport Danish Jews, members of the resistance evacuated almost all Jews to Sweden.

    The German forces withdrew from Denmark on May 5, 1945 following their surrender to the Allies. The anniversary of this event is now celebrated as Liberation Day. On the day, public ceremonies are held in memory of the fallen members of the Danish resistance movement. Left-wing organizations sometimes hold demonstrations to remember the communist resistance fighters.

    May 4

    More Information

    • May 26, 2021
    • (CDT)
    • May 26, 2024
    • (CDT)
    • 4 sessions

    A ROYAL BIRTHDAY - HRH THE CROWN PRINCE

    Frederik André Henrik Christian, Prince of Denmark, Crown Prince, Count of Monpezat, was born on 26 May 1968. The Crown Prince is the son of HM Queen Margrethe II and Prince Henrik of Denmark (d. 2018). He is in line to succeed to the throne and is the regent when HM The Queen is out of the country.

    Photo by Franne Voigt

    Christening and confirmation

    The Crown Prince was christened in Holmens Kirke (the naval church) in Copenhagen on 24 June 1968 and was confirmed in Fredensborg Palace Chapel on 28 May 1981.  

    Wedding

    On 14 May 2004, HRH The Crown Prince married Miss Mary Elizabeth Donaldson, who in connection with the marriage became HRH Crown Princess Mary Elizabeth of Denmark. The wedding ceremony took place in Copenhagen Cathedral, and the wedding festivities were held at Fredensborg Palace.

    Children

    HRH Prince Christian Valdemar Henri Jean, born on 15 October 2005, HRH Princess Isabella Henrietta Ingrid Margrethe, born on 21 April 2007, HRH Prince Vincent Frederik Minik Alexander and HRH Princess Josephine Sophia Ivalo Mathilda, twins born on 8 January 2011.

    Educational background

    The Crown Prince attended Krebs' Skole during the years 1974-1981, from 1974-1976 as a private pupil at Amalienborg Palace and at Krebs' Skole from the third grade. In the period 1982-1983, the Crown Prince was a boarder at École des Roches in Normandy, France.

    In 1986, Crown Prince Frederik graduated from the upper secondary school of Øregaard Gymnasium, and in 1995, he graduated from the University of Aarhus with a MSc (political science). In connection with these studies, Crown Prince Frederik studied political science at Harvard University, USA from 1992 to 1993.

    More Information:

    Royal House Website

    • June 05, 2021
    • (CDT)
    • June 05, 2024
    • (CDT)
    • 4 sessions
    • Denmark

    GRUNDLOVSDAG (CONSTITUTION DAY)

    The throne of Denmark was established in the tenth century and is the oldest in Europe and third oldest in the world. Through to the seventeenth century, the majority of decisions in Danish rule came through the monarchy and each monarch was obliged to sign the Haandfæstning wherein he promised to rule fairly.

    In 1660, Denmark became a constitutional monarchy, effectively removed the monarchy from absolute power and putting decision making into the hands of the leaders of government. From this time, aside from the royal power of the king, three types of powers existed in Denmark: legislative, executive and judicial.

    Including the signing of the first constitution, five constitutions have been written and signed: 1849, 1866, 1915, 1920 and 1953. None of these had amendments but each was superseded by the one following. On 5 June 1915, women received the right to vote.

    Many places hold festivals on Constitution Day and there are often political rallies. Students, graduates, bands and organisations march in parades behind the bright red and white of the Danish flag. The flag also dominates many buildings across the country.

    More Information

    (In Danish)


    • June 07, 2021
    • (CDT)
    • June 07, 2022
    • (CDT)
    • 2 sessions

    A ROYAL BIRTHDAY - PRINCE JOACHIM

    HRH Prince Joachim
    Photo by 
    Kamilla Bryndum

    Joachim Holger Waldemar Christian, Prince of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, was born on 7 June 1969. His Royal Highness Prince Joachim is the son of HM Queen Margrethe II and Prince Henrik of Denmark (d. 2018). He is included in the order of succession to the Throne and may act as Regent when HM The Queen and HRH Crown Prince Frederik are abroad

    Marital status

    On 24 May 2008, HRH Prince Joachim married Miss Marie Agathe Odile Cavallier, whoin connection with the marriage became HRH Princess Marie of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat.

    Children
    Family Photo by Steen Brogaard

    HH Prince Nikolai William Alexander Frederik, born on 28 August 1999, HH Prince Felix Henrik Valdemar Christian, born on 22 July 2002, HH Prince Henrik Carl Joachim Alain, born on 4 May 2009, and HH Princess Athena Marguerite Françoise Marie born on 24 January 2012. 

    Prince Joachim shares custody of Prince Felix with Prince Felix' mother, Alexandra Christina, Countess of Frederiksborg, who was formerly married to Prince Joachim.

    Christening and confirmation

    Prince Joachim was christened in the Århus Cathedral on 15 July 1969 and confirmed in the Chapel of Fredensborg Castle on 10 June 1982.

    More Information:

    Royal House Website


    • June 11, 2021
    • (CDT)
    • June 11, 2024
    • (CDT)
    • 4 sessions
    • Denmark

    A ROYAL BIRTHDAY -
    HRH PRINCE HENRIK (1934-2018)

    Prince Henrik was born on 11 June 1934 in Talence, Gironde, France. He was the son of Count André de Laborde de Monpezat (d. 1998) and Countess Renée de Monpezat, née Doursennot (d. 2002). Prince Henrik passed away on 13 February 2018.
    Photo: Torben Eskerod

    Wedding

    On 10 June 1967, the Heir Apparent to the Danish throne, Princess Margrethe, married Henri Marie Jean André Count de Laborde de Monpezat, who in connection with the marriage became HRH Prince Henrik of Denmark. The wedding ceremony took place in Holmens Kirke (the naval church) and the wedding festivities were held at Fredensborg Palace.

    Children

    HRH Crown Prince Frederik André Henrik Christian, born on 26 May 1968 HRH Prince Joachim Holger Waldemar Christian, born on 7 June 1969.

    Educational background

    HRH Prince Henrik spent his first five years in Vietnam, then known as French Indo-China,where his father was in charge of family interests in industrial enterprises, etc. founded by his grandfather at the turn of the century. In 1939, the family returned to the family residence, le Cayrou, in Cahors. Having received instruction at home until 1947, Prince Henrik subsequently studied at the Jesuit boarding school in Bordeaux. In the period 1948-1950, HRH Prince Henrik attended upper secondary school in Cahors. His Royal Highness returned to Hanoi in 1950 and graduated from the French upper secondary school in Hanoi in 1952. In the period 1952- 1957, Prince Henrik studied law and political science at the Sorbonne, Paris, while simultaneously studying Chinese and Vietnamese at École Nationale des Langues Orientales. Having studied Oriental languages in Hong Kong in 1957, Prince Henrik subsequently studied in Saigon in 1958.

    Relations to the Defence

    HRH Prince Henrik performed his military service with the infantry in Algeria in the period 1959-1962. His Royal Highness held the honorary rank of General and Admiral in the Danish Defence.

    Business background

    Prince Henrik had a background in the diplomatic service. In 1962, His Royal Highness worked within the Asia Department of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and from 1963 to 1967, he  was a Secretary to the French Embassy in London. 

    Language

    The mother tongue of HRH Prince Henrik is French, but he quickly learned Danish after moving to Denmark. In addition, His Royal Highness spoke English, Chinese and Vietnamese.

    More information:

    Royal House Website

    Royal House Facebook

    • June 15, 2021
    • (CDT)
    • June 15, 2022
    • (CDT)
    • 2 sessions
    • South Jutland, Denmark

    REUNIFICATION DAY

    Denmark and the reunification of 1920

    2020 saw Denmark celebrate 100 years since Southern Jutland, once part of Germany, was reunited with the country on June 15, 1920. The aim of the 2020 Reunion was to highlight public awareness of the historic occasion, and its cultural and political significance to Danish society. The anniversary also served to underline the present-day friendship with Germany, and shine a spotlight on the European perspective of the Danish-German border region.

    Reunification Day

    On June 15, 1920, the plebiscite's entire Zone I was transferred to Denmark as the Danish government formally took over the control of Southern Jutland. Pictured is an anniversary postcard that reads: "Mother Denmark greets South Jutland."

    Treaty of Versailles
    In the wake of the WWI, Denmark asked the Allied powers at the Versailles Conference of 1919 to include a plebiscite in the disputed Schleswig region. This request was granted, and paved the way for North Schleswig to be returned to Denmark.

    National referendums
    In February 1920, national referendums took place to decide the geo-political makeup of a post-war Denmark. Pictured is the commissary-general for the Danish voting areas awaiting the members of the voting committee at the train station in Flensburg, Schleswig-Holstein.

    Northern Schleswig (Zone I)
    Voting in Zone 1 commenced on February 10, 1920. Turnout was 91.4%. There was a clear majority for Danish affiliation.

    Central Schleswig (Zone II)
    The vote in Central Schleswig took place on March 14, 1920. Turnout was 80.2% in favor of staying German. The poor result in Central Schleswig, particularly in Flensburg (pictured), Schleswig's largest city, triggered Denmark's 1920 Easter Crisis

    Southern Schleswig (Zone III)
    At the express wish of the Danish government, a plebiscite was not held in the southernmost third of the province as the population was almost exclusively pro-German.

    King Christian X crosses the border

    To much fanfare, the law on "The Southern Jutland areas incorporated in Denmark" was signed by King Christian X (pictured) on July 9. German passport and customs controls were officially moved from the river Kongeå to the current border.




    South Jutland is reunited

    The following day, the Danish monarch famously rode his white horse over the demarcated Kongeå frontier to be greeted by jubilant locals in what was now southern Denmark.







    Easter Crisis of 1920

    Reunification was not, however, without incident. In light of the results, Prime Minister Carl Theodor Zahle had determined that reunification with Northern Schleswig could go forward, while Central Schleswig would remain under German control. However, many Danish nationalists felt that Central Schleswig should be returned to Denmark regardless of the plebiscite's results.



    Otto Lieb

    King Christian X sided with nationalist sentiment and ordered Zahle to include Central Schleswig in the reunification process. He refused to comply and resigned several days later, after a heated exchange with the monarch. Subsequently, Christian dismissed the rest of the government and replaced it with a de facto conservative caretaker cabinet under Otto Lieb (pictured).

    • June 23, 2021
    • (CDT)
    • June 23, 2024
    • (CDT)
    • 4 sessions

    Sankt Hans Aften (Midsummer)

    A Nordic tradition, celebrated on the night before the Midsummer's Day

    Midsummer's Eve or Sankt Hans Aften is a relic of pagan customs, where the shortest day, the winter solstice, and the longest day, the summer solstice, were celebrated. Originally it was believed that midsummer night was filled with magical forces of nature—both bad and good. All herbs and sources were particularly sacred, and it was a tradition to seek sacred springs or picking healing herbs on this night.

    The tradition of burning bonfires came later. Originally they were not associated with Midsummer's Eve celebration, although later some farmers who believed in witches started burning bonfires on this night. A shape that looks like a witch was put in the fire. The purpose of the fire was to scare the witches and evil spirits away, rather than burning them.

    Today the Midsummer's Eve is still celebrated with bonfires, dancing, singing and a traditional speech from someone well known in the community. The celebrations are held all around the country, both in cities and small towns.

    Some of the most vibrant celebrations take place in Copenhagen, Odense, Aarhus, and Skagen. The capital has bonfires at several places, including Tivoli Gardens, Frederiksberg Gardens, Islands Brygge, and more. Likewise, Aarhus offers quite a few locations to celebrate, such as Aarhus University campus, Godsbanen, or Langenæs Church. In Odense, the festivities take place at Engen in the Fruens Bøge forest. At last, the remote Skagen promises an exceptional celebration. Thousands come to the northern tip of Denmark to enjoy traditional songs at the bonfire that lasts here longer than anywhere else in the country.

    Burning the witches in Denmark

    The height of Danish summer is celebrated on the evening of June 23 under the name Sankt Hans (Saint Hans), who is known in English as John the Baptist. The festival of Sankt Hans and the celebration of the summer solstice have pagan roots and date back to the days before Christianity came to Denmark. 

    Sankt Hans is generally celebrated with a dinner at home with family and friends followed by a stroll to a community bonfire, often by the beach or on the shore of one of Denmark's many lakes.

    Tradition calls for an effigy of a witch to be placed on top of the bonfire, and as it burns the community sings the song "Midsommervisen", written by the Danish poet Holger Drachmann in 1885. The effigy of the witch symbolises all the misery that Denmark as a nation wants to avoid, and the song celebrates the hope that peace will prevail.


    Midsommervisen “Vi elsker vort land”  
    (Youtube)

    De tre første vers, som normalt synges ved bålfester
    Text: Holger Drachmann, 1885
    Melodi P. E. Lange-Müller, 1885 

    Vi elsker vor land,
    når den signede jul
    tænder stjernen i træet med glans i hvert øje.
    Når om våren hver fugl,
    over mark, under strand,
    lader stemmen til hilsende triller sig bøje:
    Vi synger din lov over vej, over gade,
    vi kranser dit navn, når vor høst er i lade,
    men den skønneste krans,
    bli'r dog din Sankte Hans!
    Den er bunden af sommerens hjerter,
    så varme så glade. 

    Vi elsker vort land,
    men ved midsommer mest,
    når hver sky over marken velsignelsen sender,
    når af blomster er flest,
    og når kvæget i spand
    giver rigeligst gave til flittige hænder;
    når ikke vi pløjer og harver og tromler,
    når koen sin middag i kløveren gumler,
    da går ungdom til dans
    på dit bud Sankte Hans
    ret som føllet og lammet, der frit
    over engen sig tumler. 

    Vi elsker vort land,
    og med sværdet i hånd
    skal hver udenvælts fjende beredte os kende,
    men mod ufredens ånd
    under mark over strand,
    vil vi bålet på fædrenes gravhøje tænde
    hver by har sin heks,
    og hver sogn sine trolde.
    Dem vil vi fra livet med glædesblus holde
    vi vil fred her til lands
    Sankte Hans, Sankte Hans!
    Den kan vindes, hvor hjerterne
    aldrig bli'r tvivlende kolde
    .

    English Translation...

    Vi Elsker Vort Land/"We Love Our Country"

    We love our country
    when the blessed Christmas
    light up the star in the tree with a twinkle in each eye
    When in spring each bird
    over the field, down by the beach
    lets its voice give into greeting trills:
    We sing your law across the road, across the street,
    we wreath your name, when our harvest is in the barn,
    but the most beautiful wreath
    becomes yours, Saint Hans
    It is bound by the the hearts of the summer so warm, so happy
    but the most beautiful wreath
    becomes yours, Saint Hans
    It is bound by the hearts of the summer so warm, so happy

    We love our country
    but mostly around midsummer
    when every cloud sends the blessing across the field
    When most flowers are here
    and when the cattle drag the plough
    gives plenty of gifts to laborious hands;
    when we don't plough and harrow and roll,
    when the cow munch its dinner of clover:
    At that time youth will start to dance
    at your command Saint Hans!
    Straight as the foal and the lamb which freely romp across the meadow
    At that time youth will start to dance
    at your command Saint Hans!
    Straight as the foal and the lamb which freely romp across the meadow

    We love our country
    and with the sword in our hands
    every foreign enemy shall prepared know us
    But against the spirit of strife
    over the field, down by the beach
    we will light the bonfire on the forefathers' burial mounds:
    Every town has its witch, and every parish its trolls,
    we will keep those from our lives with fires of happiness
    We want peace in this country,
    saint Hans, saint Hans!
    It can be won where the hearts never become doubting cold
    We want peace in this country,
    saint Hans, saint Hans!
    It can be won where the hearts never become doubting cold

    We love our country
    and we greet that king
    who has tried and chosen the right princess:
    In his fairy tale castle
    every woman, every man can
    find an example of love for life!
    Let the times grow old, let the colors fade,
    we will however draw a memory in our hearts:
    From the North so rich in legends
    a glory goes across the world
    It is the reflection of the wonderland's enchanted meadows,
    From the North so rich in legends
    a glory goes across the world
    It is the reflection of the wonderland's enchanted meadows!


National Foundation for Danish America
PO Box 1003
Wilmette, Illinois 60091

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